Overview of precis-writing:
|what is precis-writing|
- Uses of precis-writing
- Method of the procedure.
- Characteristic of precis
- Rules of precis writing
1.Uses of precis-writing:
METHOD OF PROCEDURE:
(A) ROUGH DRAFTS:
(B) IMPORTANT POINTS:
(C) THE ART OF COMPRESSION:
Then write out the fair copy neatly. prefixing the title you have chosen.
Characteristic and Rules of precis
Characteristic of precis
Some characteristics of precis are given below:
This is the quality which gives the precis its name because precis is written for the purpose of conciseness.
The writer should compress the main message in the fewest possible words without any vagueness.
A good precis is always easy to understand therefore the writer should write it in simple and clear words.
The basic aim of the precis writing is to convey the main theme of the passage across the reader so in order to achieve this aim the writer should read the passage twice and thrice for clear and vivid understanding.
There is a coherence in a good precis. It means that each part must be related to other parts.
In order to achieve the quality of coherence, words are combined with the help of, however, similarly, finally etc.
An incomplete passage could not be called a precis. A good precis contain all the important points.
The writer should ensure if all the important ideas are included in the precis.
A good precis is correct in every aspect. An error of any type just like grammar, punctuation, and spelling is not included in a good precis.
An excellent precis is always the reflection of the original idea.
The writer does not include his own thoughts or ideas in it.
A good precis is almost one-third of the original passage.
Therefore the writer excludes all the unnecessary details from his precis.
In good precis there is no place for outdated words and phrases.
The writer takes maximum care to use current vocabulary.
writing Own Words:
The writer of a precis does not borrow words from the original passage.
He expresses everything by using his own words and idioms to short it.
A good precis is always written in indirect speech.
There is no mistake of grammar in it. The passage may be written in present or past tense. The use of idioms is also very useful.
The use of punctuation makes the precis easy to understand. Therefore the writer should use these wherever necessary.
Rules of Precis Writing
Some rules of precis writing is given below:
The first step toward making a precis is to read the original passage very carefully.
Of course, reading the passage once is not enough.
A second reading will give you a clear idea o what is required to be summarized.
Understanding Main Points:
The reader should underline all-important idea or key sentences in the passage and omit all the rest.
Make A Rough Draft:
write all these important ideas in a sequence it will become the first rough draft of your precis.
Order Can Be Change:
The Order of the main idea can be changed it is permissible to re-arrange the ideas in the order that writers think better.
A precis is written in the shape of a paragraph, not in loose sentences.
In the end you should re-read and check if there is anything missing.
If the precis exceeds its limits, you should revise it and exclude the unimportant points.
Some More Rules of Precis Writing:
- Not to be confused with paraphrasing
- The language should be clear, brief and precis
- It should be written in short sentences
- Logically connected
- No extra information
- The inclusion of essential ideas, and omission of non-essentials.